Acetate is a plastic fibre made of cellulose acetate or acetyl cellulose. The basic material is cellulose, which is obtained from wood. Acetate is also known as artificial silk. The fabric is smooth and silky shiny. It is used for elegant dresses and blouses.
Acrylic is a synthetic fibre made of polyacrylonitrile and polymethyl methacrylate. The properties are similar to wool. Acrylic fibres are suitable for the production of knitting yarns and knitwear, but also for the production of clothing fabrics.
The alpaca wool comes from the alpaca, a camel species living in South America in the Andes. The wool fibres are soft, light and have a silky sheen. Alpaca is used for knitwear and warm clothing, jackets and coats.
Cotton is one of the oldest natural fibres. The plant grows in India, Africa, Egypt and South America. The seed fibres are used to make yarn as the basis for fabrics and knitting yarns. It is very skin-friendly as it stores moisture and keeps it away from the body. Cotton is suitable for the manufacture of clothing and as a commodity, for example for curtains and bed linen.
BCI Cotton/BCI Cotton
BCI means "Better Cotton Initiative". This is a programme designed to promote the sustainable production of cotton. BCI Cotton is cotton grown to improve water consumption, soil protection, pesticide use and product quality.
Organic Cotton/Organic Cotton
For organic cotton, the rules of organic farming must be observed. This means: no chemical pesticides and fertilizers, crop rotation must be adhered to and the picking is done by hand. Organic Cotton is cotton, 95 percent of which consists of certified organic fibres.
Boot Cut means "boot cut". Jeans and trousers with the designation Boot Cut are narrowly cut at the thigh and slightly flared at the lower leg, so that the trouser legs fit comfortably over boots and boots.
Brocade is a heavy, firm fabric made of silk or rayon. The fabric has a woven pattern, which can be multicoloured or tone-in-tone. Brocade is used for fine festive and evening wear as well as for furniture and curtain fabrics.
Short underwear-tops are called Camisole. These are mostly made of shiny satin fabrics similar to underwear. Camisoles have thin adjustable straps and often a lace insert in the décolleté area.
Canvas is a densely and firmly woven fabric. It is made of natural fibres such as cotton, hemp, linen, but also mixed with various synthetic fibres such as polyester. Due to its strength it is also used in shoe production.
Cashwool is wool that is processed like cashmere. Due to this processing Cashwool is very soft and does not scratch the skin. As a Cashwool wearer, you enjoy almost the same light and soft properties as cashmere.
Chiffon is a delicate and transparent tissue. It consists of strongly twisted natural or artificial silk crepe yarns. Chiffon has a "sandy" or "rough" handle due to its irregular surface structure.
Chrome-free Leather means that the leather is tanned without chrome salts. Chrome-free leather is healthier and more environmentally friendly. Instead of chrome salts, vegetable components such as oak bark are used for tanning.
The term crinkle comes from English and means "creasing". Fabrics made of linen, cotton, silk or synthetic fibres are treated with a special technique that produces a permanent crease effect. Crinkle fabrics are suitable for the production of many garments.
Cupro, also known as copper silk or copper fibre, is a textile fibre made from regenerated cellulose. It is comparable with the properties of viscose. Cupro is usually used in fashion as a lining because it is breathable and does not charge statically. Cupro has a silky soft touch and is smooth and shiny. Cupro garments can be washed and ironed.
Ecru means "unbleached, untreated". The term was originally used for unbleached natural raw silk. In the meantime, Ecru has established itself as the term for the colours natural white and wool white.
Elastane is an extremely stretchable, elastic synthetic fibre. Elastane is often used as a component of stretch fabrics and elastic cuffs. Elastane is also often used as an additive for swimwear and sportswear, underwear, functional underwear, socks, stockings and pantyhose.
EME is the abbreviation for Elasto-Multi-Ester. Elasto-Multi-Ester is a synthetic fibre with high elasticity, also known as T400. EME is often used for trousers and jeans with a stretch effect. The fabric does not bulge, the fit remains permanent.
Fake fur is a term for imitation fur. The fake fur is made of synthetic fibres. Fake fur is an imitation of many types of fur on the market. The material can be dyed in all colours.
Five Pocket is the original form of jeans with five pockets. Two pockets are on the buttocks, two front pockets and a small pocket directly under the waistband.
Flock-Print is a fabric that is printed using a special process. First there is a layer of adhesive, followed by the actual flocking with tiny textile fibres. Flock prints feel velvety and fluffy.
Friendly Fur is a fashion label that processes the skins of red foxes from controlled hunting. The "friendly furs" come from foxes from an overpopulation, the hunt is fall and lead-free.
Gauze is a light and semi-transparent lattice-like fabric. It is permeable, conformable and tear-resistant. In the fashion world, gauze is mostly made of cotton and is used, for example, for dresses. Due to its properties, cotton gauze contributes to a pleasant wearing comfort.
GOTS is a seal of the textile industry. The abbreviation stands for Global Organic Textile Standard. This means "Worldwide Organic Textile Standard". No harmful substances or pesticides are used in production.
High Waist means "high cut" in German. The term is used for trousers and jeans with a high waist or a high waistband that reaches at least to the navel.
Jacquard is a weaving technique. The result is complex patterns that are either visible only on the front side of the fabric or on both sides. Jacquard fabrics are suitable for elegant clothing, but also for textiles in the home.
Jersey is a fabric with a knit-like character. The soft, elastic fabric is machine knitted or knitted. Jersey is suitable for many garments. The fabric can be made of wool or wool blends, viscose or viscose blends, cotton or silk.
Cashmere is made from the fine hairs of the cashmere goat. The goat species lives in Asia, Australia, New Zealand and Scotland. Cashmere wool is a very fine, light and warming material from which knitwear and clothing are made.
Linen is a natural fibre obtained from flax. Linen can be further processed alone or as an admixture to cotton, silk or synthetic fibres. The linen fabric is smooth and slightly shiny, but 100% linen creases quickly.
Lenzing(TM)-Certified Viscose is a cellulose fiber produced under particularly environmentally friendly conditions. Low water consumption and lower emissions are the key factors in the production process. The cellulose comes from certified forestry.
Lurex is a very fine, thin yarn made of polyester. By steaming with aluminium, silver or gold the yarn gets a metallic shine. Lurex is used as an additive to give wool and fabrics a festive character.
Lyocell is a cellulose fiber obtained by industrial production from Asian eucalyptus wood. The trade name is Tencel. The fabric is particularly smooth and has a silky feel. Lyocell is both warming and cooling and is also very absorbent. The material is ideal for functional and sportswear.
The Mandarin collar belongs to the standing collar. It is a short stiff collar after Chinese model, which stands upright around the neck.
The word melange comes from French and means "mixture". During the production of a melange yarn, two or more different coloured fibres are mixed. The result is a thread or, after weaving, a fabric with a mottled effect.
The term microfibre is a collective term for very thin and light fibres. The basic material can be polyester, nylon, acrylic or cellulose. Microfibre is light, extremely absorbent and dries quickly.
Modal is a fibre made of cellulose. The base material is mostly beech wood. Modal is absorbent, durable and robust. In addition, the material is breathable and kind to the skin. Modal fabrics are smooth and have a subtle sheen. They are often used for underwear and clothing that is worn close to the skin.
Mohair is the hair of the Angora goat. The goat species comes from Turkey, but also lives in South Africa, Australia and Madagascar. The natural fibres have a very light weight, but are warming. Mohair yarns are suitable for knitwear and the production of clothing fabrics.
Mulesing is a painful procedure in sheep farming. In order to prevent fly infestation, sheep breeders cut the merino lambs with large flaps of skin from the hindquarters. Anesthesia is not used. Those who want to avoid this kind of cruelty to animals choose merino wool with the label Mulesing-free.
Nylon is a synthetic fibre. The components are carbon, water and air. Nylon is elastic, stable, tearproof and very durable. It is possible to convert nylon into a breathable fabric. The fabric is therefore suitable for many types of clothing.
Off-White is a broken white tone. The difference to the brilliant pure white is clearly visible. Off-white looks friendlier and can be worn to any skin tone, while clear white does not suit all women well.
Organic wool is organic wool. The wool comes from sheep that have not been in contact with chemical substances. Breeding must take place under ecological conditions. Pesticides are not used in the production of Organic Wool, and fair and social dealings with the workers involved are mandatory.
Pashmina is a name for a large rectangular cloth originally made of cashmere or silk and cashmere. The term comes from the Persian language. Pashminas are now also made of other materials.
A piping is a narrow and bulging seam trimming on garments, which mainly serves as decoration. Piping emphasizes contours and cuts of garments. Piping is often found on trouser pockets to stabilise the pocket opening.
A patina is a thin layer that forms on some materials during the aging process. In fashion, fabrics and leather can be artificially aged to give the patina a used or vintage look.
A Paisley pattern is the name for an abstract, decorative pattern which represents the Persian Boteh pattern. In its original form it represents leaves with a pointed curved end.
Piqué is a fabric that is usually made of cotton. The special weave creates alternating high and low areas. The structured fabric is particularly absorbent. Piqué fabrics are used for bathrobes and towels, fine piqué is often the starting material for polo shirts.
A pleated blind is an artificially formed fold. The pleats can either be made during weaving, or they can be pressed with high pressure. Pleats are mainly used for skirts, but there are also shirts, blouses and dresses with individual pleats.
The term raglan refers to a diagonally inserted sleeve. The shoulder part is integrated into the sleeve. Raglan sleeves can be found in sweaters, jackets and coats.
Rips is a strong, hard-wearing and very durable fabric made of natural or synthetic fibres. The appearance is created by the so-called rib weave during weaving, in which the density of the threads is changed so that only one thread is visible in the finished fabric.
Polyester is the world's most widely produced plastic, which is used, for example, in plastic bottles. The material can be reprocessed. Recycled polyester is used to make a thread that can be used to make T-shirts or other items of clothing.
Recycled wool is made from worn wool. The garments are cut into the finest fibres and processed into new yarn. The recycled wool makes a significant contribution to environmental protection.
Satin is a fabric with a smooth, shiny surface. Noble satin fabrics are made of silk, but there are also cotton satin and satin made of synthetic fibres. The fabric is suitable for elegant clothing and fine home textiles.
The peplum is a bell-shaped fabric at the waist that protrudes in an A-shape and is intended to emphasize certain areas. They are often attached to tops, dresses or skirts to accentuate female curves.
New wool is always sheep's wool obtained from live sheep. New wool has very good properties. It is temperature equalising and breathable. The wool can absorb a lot of moisture, but does not feel clammy.
Silk is extracted from the cocoons of the silkworm. The natural product is a textile endless fibre, which consists mainly of proteins. Silk is spun and then woven into a smooth, cool fabric. Silk is ideal for elegant clothing and light, airy summer clothing.
Smoked garments are fixed at certain places by small elastic folds or gatherings. Smoked garments are mainly found in the waist and at the ends of the sleeves. Parts smocked with elastic yarn give the garment a pleasant wearing comfort and an optimal fit. Solid fabrics achieve comfortable stretchability through smocked sections.
T400 is another name for the synthetic fibre EME. T400 is very stretchy and elastic. Fabrics with T400 prove their worth in trousers and jeans with a stretch effect.
Teddy is a plush, warm fabric. The surface can be shaggy, looped, fluffy, short-haired or long-haired. Teddy fabrics are used for warm jackets and coats, the material is also well suited as lining for winter clothing.
Tencel is the brand name for Lyocell, a cellulose fiber. Due to its good properties, Tencel is ideal for the production of sportswear and functional clothing.
Tweed is a rustic fabric, mostly made of wool, originally from England and Scotland. The surface can be plain or multicoloured, with regular or irregular patterns. Herringbone or checked patterns, for example, are feasible. Thick tweed fabrics are warm and ideal for jackets and coats. Thinner tweed is processed into skirts, trousers, suits and suits.
Tweed yarn is wool with a nubby, granular effect. The effect is caused by the fact that the yarn has different thicknesses. Tweed yarns are available in one colour and multicoloured.
The term twill describes a special type of weave, the so-called twill weave. The fabric is smooth and resilient. Twill fabrics are suitable for jackets, trousers and generally hard-wearing clothing.
Viscose is made from cellulose. The basic material is wood fibres. Viscose has a soft shine and feels pleasant on the skin. The natural product convinces with good properties, it is breathable and hard-wearing.
A flounce is a set on, swinging ruffle, predominantly at the hem of playful to festive skirts and dresses. Also possible are flounces at the neckline and at the lower sleeve edge.
Wild silk consists of the thread that silkworms excrete during pupation. In contrast to silk, wild silk retains fine nodules and thickenings that give the fabric its typical appearance. Wild silk has a subtle sheen and feels cool to the touch.
Wool is the generic term for all animal fibres. The suppliers are sheep, goats and alpacas. The wool is processed into yarn from which knitted, crocheted and knitted goods are made. Wool yarn is also the raw material for wool fabrics.
A zipper is a zipper. Zippers can be used to fasten garments, but they are also decorative elements. There are one-way and two-way zippers. Two-way zippers can be opened and closed in both directions.